The Natural Park of the Picos de Europa which occupies a large area of the Cantabrian Mountains, is the oldest national park in Spain (near 100th birthday). It spans the provinces of Asturias, Cantabria, Castile and León.
Is a high mountain park of karst geology with an altitude ranging from 75 meters to over 2600 meters above the sea surface.
The rich fauna of the National Park can be described as exceptional because it is represented in the Cantabrian fauna. The uniqueness of this fauna is that here is the southern limit of many species native to northern Europe and the northern limit of many Mediterranean species distribution. Another reason of this wealth is its humanized landscape for historic agroganadero use, which has created a mosaic of forest, scrub and pasture perfect for animals. Moreover, the existence of cliffs and quarries motivates the emergence of several animal specialists from the rock.
The diversity of the National Park reaches contain:
82% of the amphibians in the Iberian peninsula.
63% of the reptiles in the Iberian peninsula.
72% of the breeding birds in Spain (170 species observed).
88% of terrestrial mammals in the Iberian peninsula.